Most of the pre-war structures on this part of Intramuros were obliterated during and after the last war. Today, modern buildings occupy the site. Only markers describe the glorious architecture of churches and buildings that once stood on this side of the Walled City.
Ravellin de Real de Bagumbayan and Puerta Real
A good stroll along Muralla would be in an early morning or at late afternoon when the sun is not on its peak. From Baluarte de San Diego we walked along Muralla street until we’ve reached the intersecting roads of General Luna and Muralla. From there, we exited from a gap on the curtain wall as we headed towards the entrance of Ravellin de Real de Bagumbayan.
According to Rene Javellana, the revellin functioned as a defense for a gate where cannons are mounted on the upper platform while the lower chambers served as storage for gunpowder and ammunition magazines. The Ravellin de la Puerta Real de Bagumbayan used to be an outer defense for the Puerta Real, the royal gate designed for the exclusive use of the Governor-General and Archbishop when going in an out of Intramuros.
Quartel de España
We then entered again from the gap on the curtain wall towards General Luna Street. A block at the corner of General Luna and Muralla is occupied by the Pamatasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (PLM). On this ground, the first Jesuit Compound where the first Jesuit church (Yglesia de Sta. Ana) and Jesuit school (Colegio Maximo de San Jose) used to stand.
When the Jesuits were expelled from the territory, the Archbishop used the abandoned building for the Real Seminario Concilar de San Carlos (presently known as San Carlos Seminary). Later the seminary was evacuated and the remaining buildings were renovated and turn into a soldier’s barracks known as the Quartel de Espana.
During American period, the barracks was used by the American army and later was turned into a covered court for a sport that was said to have been introduced on that same site –Basketball.
Across PLM is the El Amanecer. El Amanecer houses an antique shop and the Illustrado Restaurant where on its site once stood the mother house of the Franciscan Capuchins.
The Capuchins introduced the devotion to, Nick Joaquin called the Blue Sashed Lady or more popularly known as the Our Lady of Lourdes. After World War II, the Capuchins transferred their mother house to Retiro in Quezon City.
Moving back to Muralla we walk towards Baluarte de San Andres.
Yglesia y Convento de San Nicholas de Tolentino
Across Baluarte de San Andres is the former site of the mother house of the Augustinian Recollects known as the Yglesia y Convento de San Nicholas de Tolentino. The church was famous for its four-story bell tower of decreasing dimension and devotion to Nuestro Senor de la Pacencia. The site is now occupied by Manila Bulletin.
The Augustinian Recollect transferred their mother house to San Sebastian Church in Quiapo.
At the end of the Recolletos Street is a small postern (it’s now sealed) that leads to Ravellin de Recolletos. This outer defense was named after its neighboring church. The structure was converted into a garden for bonsai exhibits.
The Franciscan Chruches
The mother house of the Franciscan order and the Venerable Third Order (VOT) used to stand on present site of the Mapua Institute of Technology.
The old Franciscan Church was in honor of the Our Lady of Angels. The mother house was moved to Santuario de San Pedro Bautista in San Francisco Del Monte, Quezon City.
The Baluarte de San Francisco de Dilao was built as defense against the Chinese population living near the walled city.
Parian de los Chinos
The Chinese were not allowed to conduct business inside the walled city. The Parian was built to house the Chinese merchants. This can be accessed by Intramuros residents through the Puerta del Parian.
Cannons lined the platform of the Ravellin del Parian. They were aimed at the Chinese quarters or Dilao (where the Post Office and Metropolitan Theater currently stands). The Parian and other towns surrounding the Walled City were demolished after the British Occupation.
Hospital de San Juan de Dios
At the corner of Muralla and Real Street was the Hospital de San Juan de Dios. RealSstreet was once the busiest street in Intramuros. Possibly because one end of this road was the Puerta del Parian.
San Juan de Dios Hospital is now located along Roxas Boulevard in Pasay City. The Lyceum now occupies the lot of the old San Juan de Dios.
San Juan de Letran
Facing the Baluarte de San Gabriel which was at one time served as both a fort and a hospital, is one two schools that originally in Intramuros –Colegio de San Juan de Letran (the other is Colegio de Sta. Rosa).
The Beaterio de Sta. Catalina was an school for girls that was adjoined to the Letran via a covered walk.
Puerta de Isabel II
Near the end of Muralla Street before it meets Aduana is the Puerta de Isabel II. This was the last of the seven gates to be built in the walled city.
In front of the gate is the Well-Traveled Statue of the Queen Isabel II.
Almanac for Manileños by Nick Joaquin
Intramuros of Memory by Dr. Jaime Laya
In and Around Intramuros by Rene Javellana
Ciudad Murada by Jose Victor Torres
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Click start to begin tour at Plaza Roma.