Calle Muralla

Muralla Street is a perimeter road located south of Intramuros. It runs along from Baluarte de San Diego to Colegio de San Juan de Letran.  



Most of the pre-war structures on this part of Intramuros were obliterated during and after the last war. Today, modern buildings occupy the site. Only markers describe the glorious architecture of churches and buildings that once stood on this side of the Walled City.   



Ravellin de Real de Bagumbayan and Puerta Real



A good stroll along Muralla would be in an early morning or at late afternoon when the sun is not on its peak.  From Baluarte de San Diego we walked along Muralla street until we’ve reached the intersecting roads of General Luna and Muralla. From there, we exited from a gap on the curtain wall as we headed towards the entrance of Ravellin de Real de Bagumbayan.



According to Rene Javellana, the revellin functioned as a defense for a gate where cannons are mounted on the upper platform while the lower chambers served as storage for gunpowder and ammunition magazines. The Ravellin de la Puerta Real de Bagumbayan used to be an outer defense for the Puerta Real, the royal gate designed for the exclusive use of the Governor-General and Archbishop when going in an out of Intramuros.  



Quartel de España


We then entered again from the gap on the curtain wall towards General Luna Street. A block at the corner of General Luna and Muralla is occupied by the Pamatasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (PLM). On this ground, the first Jesuit Compound where the first Jesuit church (Yglesia de Sta. Ana) and Jesuit school (Colegio Maximo de San Jose) used to stand.


When the Jesuits were expelled from the territory, the Archbishop used the abandoned building for the Real Seminario Concilar de San Carlos (presently known as San Carlos Seminary). Later the seminary was evacuated and the remaining buildings were renovated and turn into a soldier’s barracks known as the Quartel de Espana.


During American period, the barracks was used by the American army and later was turned into a covered court for a sport that was said to have been introduced on that same site –Basketball.



Capuchin Church


Across PLM is the El Amanecer. El Amanecer houses an antique shop and the Illustrado Restaurant where on its site once stood the mother house of the Franciscan Capuchins.   



The Capuchins introduced the devotion to, Nick Joaquin called the Blue Sashed Lady or more popularly known as the Our Lady of Lourdes. After World War II, the Capuchins transferred their mother house to Retiro in Quezon City. 



 Moving back to Muralla we walk towards Baluarte de San Andres.




Yglesia y Convento de San Nicholas de Tolentino


Across Baluarte de San Andres is the former site of the mother house of the Augustinian Recollects known as the Yglesia y Convento de San Nicholas de Tolentino. The church was famous for its four-story bell tower of decreasing dimension and devotion to Nuestro Senor de la Pacencia. The site is now occupied by Manila Bulletin.


The Augustinian Recollect transferred their mother house to San Sebastian Church in Quiapo.  



At the end of the Recolletos Street is a small postern (it’s now sealed) that leads to Ravellin de Recolletos. This outer defense was named after its neighboring church. The structure was converted into a garden for bonsai exhibits.



The Franciscan Chruches


The mother house of the Franciscan order and the Venerable Third Order (VOT) used to stand on present site of the Mapua Institute of Technology.



The old Franciscan Church was in honor of the Our Lady of Angels. The mother house was moved to Santuario de San Pedro Bautista in San Francisco Del Monte, Quezon City.  



The Baluarte de San Francisco de Dilao was built as defense against the Chinese population living near the walled city. 





Parian de los Chinos



The Chinese were not allowed to conduct business inside the walled city. The Parian was built to house the Chinese merchants. This can be accessed by Intramuros residents through the Puerta del Parian.



Cannons lined the platform of the Ravellin del Parian. They were aimed at the Chinese quarters or Dilao (where the Post Office and Metropolitan Theater currently stands). The Parian and other towns surrounding the Walled City were demolished after the British Occupation.






Hospital de San Juan de Dios


At the corner of Muralla and Real Street was the Hospital de San Juan de Dios. RealSstreet was once the busiest street in Intramuros. Possibly because one end of this road was the Puerta del Parian 



San Juan de Dios Hospital is now located along Roxas Boulevard in Pasay City. The Lyceum now occupies the lot of the old San Juan de Dios. 




San Juan de Letran


Facing the Baluarte de San Gabriel which was at one time served as both a fort and a hospital, is one two schools that originally in Intramuros –Colegio de San Juan de Letran (the other is Colegio de Sta. Rosa).  



The Beaterio de Sta. Catalina was an school for girls that was adjoined to the Letran via a covered walk.   



A statue of the founder of he Beaterio Mother Francisca del Espiritu Santo stands infornt of the main entrance of Letran. The Beaterio moved to Quezon City and is now known as Siena College. 




Puerta de Isabel II


Near the end of Muralla Street before it meets Aduana is the Puerta de Isabel II. This was the last of the seven gates to be built in the walled city.   



In front of the gate is the  Well-Traveled Statue of the Queen Isabel II. 




Information sources:


Almanac for Manileños by Nick Joaquin

Intramuros of Memory by Dr. Jaime Laya

In and Around Intramuros by Rene Javellana

Ciudad Murada by Jose Victor Torres



Click next for the next related article.

Click start to begin tour at Plaza Roma.




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10 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. mother francisca del espiritu santo WAS THE FIRST TO FOUND A BEATERIO COLEGIO IN INTRAMUROS MANILA A SCHOOL FOR NATIVE SPANISH GIRL….SHE IS THE FIRST TO FOUND A ALL GIRLS SCHOOL NOT mother ignacia del espiritu santo..she is the only one who found the first filipina religious congregation in the philippines which is beaterio de la compana de jesus…

    • Mother Francisca did not found the beaterio de sta. catalina, it was established by fr. Juan de Sto. Domingo a Spaniard. Mother francisca was appointed as prioress for life. Members of Sta. Catalina beaterio were all Spanish women. They did not accept native Filipino women.

  2. Great site for promoting Philippine tourism!!! It might interest you to know there’s a collection of some of the Philippines best websites at 🙂 Keep up the good work.

  3. thank you for sharing this information on Mother Francisca joseph. We need her as our inspiration in this fast changing world.

  4. mother Francisca live a holy life in manila at intramuros carrying the sick the young and the poor…foundress of a religious congregation whom they called beaterio de sta.catalina de sena,now the congregation of the Dominican sisters of st.Catherine of Siena…foundation of op-Siena schools….she lives with courage and a life of simplicity in serving God and country….

  5. Your photoblog is quite good. It is not well known today that the Parian (not Binondo) was where non-Catholic “sangleys” (Chinese immigrants) lived. The reason why the Spaniards built Intramuros and confined the “sangleys” to the Parian was to protect themselves from any attack by either the Chinese or “indios”. As you can see, the walled-city is heavily fortified with cannons aimed directly at the “sangleys” in the Parian. The first century of Spanish rule was quite bloody: 24,000 dead in the 1603 massacre, 22-24,000 dead in 1639-40, 30,000 expelled in 1662. Although the Parian no longer exists, it became quite literally a sort of cemetery for the Chinese living there. To escape such grim fate, most of the “sangleys” converted to Catholicism and resided in Binondo where they sired a new race called “mestizo de sangley”.

  6. I’m glad that you appreciate the information I’m posting on my blog Photowalker. It’s my own little way of showing that I appreciate my being Filipino.

    I was inspired to see other blogs that inform people about our history.

  7. Intramuros is indeed a splendid place Susana. I like going there over and over. I appreciate the information you added about Mother Ignacia. I’ve read news that she a step away frm being a saint.

  8. I love your blog. It’s so full of information of places I’ve only shot.

  9. Hi Chris!

    It made me so happy to see the old Intramuros in its splendor again. I have been to St. Augsutine Church and the Beaterio de la Compania de Jesus (now light and sound museum). I would like to add info about the Beaterio de la Compania. It was founded by Venerable Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo in 1684. According to the account of Father Murillo Velarde, S.J., Mother Ignacia did acestical practices during her life. She used to carry a heavy wooden cross on her shoulders with a rope around her neck and the Beatas would pull her around the house. She prostrated herself on the ground and the Beatas would step on her. She used to pray with an outstreched hands under the heat of the noonday sun. She passed on to eternity on September 10, 1748 . She died on her knees at the Communion rail in the Church of St. Ignatius (now PLM) after receiving Holy Communion. She was laid to rest in the crypt of St. Ignatius Church. The Beaterio de la Compania was also known as Colegio del Beaterio (the first school for native Filipino girls in the Philippines) now known as St. Mary’s College of Quezon City, located at 37 Mother Ignacia Avenue.

    The Beaterio de la Compania de Jesus is the first and oldest Filipino congregation in the Philippines.

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